Theas well as , berets, visors, caps, bonnets, and headdresses, among others, have not only for aesthetic and fashion.
They also have functional uses: use to protect against the cold or sun, the blue helmets of the United Nations used to identify as the Peace Corps, the construction workers to protect themselves from falling hard materials, the military use them as badge of rank, position or nationality; workers in the area of medicine and use it for food hygiene, and take them for reasons other religious or as part of uniforms.
During the first half of the nineteenth century, women were still ostentatious hats, decorated with ribbons, flowers, feathers, and fur. At the end of the century, new styles were introduced, such as wide-brimmed capelines, and even smaller, as the hits.
The male hat remained very sober. It became a fashionable high top hat, also known as or galley-hat with short brim straight cup. In the late nineteenth century, another style became fashionable for men: the bowler hat with a rounded crown and narrow brim, often just folded up.
A milestone that marked the history of the hat was the creation of the sewing machines in the mid-century, which transformed the hat industry and became a fixture as massive.
The feathers were all the rage during this period, so much so that women came to use hats with stuffed birds. But soon the protests were heard in both the United States and England, and this type of ornament stopped being used.
With the advent of World War I in 1914, fashion was influenced by the new types of jobs that women exercised. Many had to wear a uniform and could not use caps or hats during the day. For this, they needed to find something that differentiates and to breaks the monotony of work clothing. Thus, the hat became a fashion icon that women used to stand out and highlight your attire.
In the same decade, Chanel began designing hats fashion, noted the need for women to achieve a different style and to identify among other women.
By the year 1920, a new trend was installed. The female hairstyle fashion went through a revolution, and many women began to wear shorter hair, which was not well with big hats. By detecting this, designers and seamstresses began creating hats smaller, rounded, tight at the top and short brim. These could be simple, or appliques bows, feathers, ribbons, stones or flowers.
Already during the Second World War (1939-1945), the use of longer a hat etiquette. Many used it for security for their jobs, to cover the cold or sun. Women’s high society still used, but for aesthetic and fashion and not by rule. It ended after World War hats designers begin to gain more fame and popularity.
In the decades of the forties, fifties, and sixties, the hat became part of the female wardrobe, which was combined with his clothes, or shoes and wallet. Later it became a symbol of distinction among celebrities such as Jacqueline Kennedy, Grace Kelly or Audrey Hepburn.
During this century, the hat had many ups and downs, uses and misuses, changed in size, shape, and function. By the end of the twentieth century, the hat began to lose visibility and the 90s was given very little use.